Ethiopia has a population of approximately 90 million people and, with a land-mass covering 1,104,300km2 (426,370 sq miles) (five times the area of the United Kingdom), is the tenth largest country in Africa. The major ethnic/linguistic groups are the Oromo (40%), Amhara (26%) Tigrai (10%), Sidamo (9%) and Somali (6%). The capital city is called Addis Ababa which literally means “NEW FLOWER.”
The population is highly diverse, containing over 80 different ethnic groups. Most people in Ethiopia speak Afro-Asiatic languages, mainly of the Cushitic and Semitic branches. The former includes the Oromo and Somali, and the latter includes the Amhara and Tigray.
The backbone of Ethiopia’s economy is based on agriculture. Coffee is the main export seed and it accounts for 55% exports.
Ethiopia is an ancient country with a rich cultural and varied history that dates back to the dawn of mankind and began before the Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire existed.
Is a place of dramatic natural beauty, of mountains and valleys, lakes and rivers and the wonderful Blue Nile falls.
Ethiopia is also the cradle of mankind where archeologists have discovered fossilized human remains from more than 3 million years old. More recently, the 2000 year old Axumite Empire dominated the Horn of Africa for more than 700 years and was one of the most powerful civilizations of ancient times. Furthermore, Ethiopia accepted Christianity even before Romania accepted it and has one of the oldest Christian civilizations in the world.
The landscape is amazingly diverse, ranging from the beautiful Simien Mountains rising to more than 4000m above sea level, to the searing heat of the Danakil Depression, the hottest place on earth which drops to more than 100m below sea level. There are spectacular waterfalls and mighty rivers, whilst the peaceful Rift Valley lakes are a paradise for bird watchers.
Join our Ethiopian tours and appreciate this wonderful and unique country!!